09.29.10

October Jas. Townsend and Son Website Newsletter

Posted in Documentation, JTS News at 10:50 am by jtsblog

Jas. Townsend and Son Website Newsletter

Pop Top Mittens  S-3013
Pop Top Mittens S-3013

$7.50
Basswood Bottle Crate  BC-220
Basswood Bottle Crate BC-220

$54.00
Ladies' Silk Fichu  SF-374
Ladies’ Silk Fichu SF-374

$10.00
Men's Silk Cravat  SC-372
Men’s Silk Cravat SC-372

$6.00

Fall Events!

Whew! Was that summer that just flew by? And now autumn is officially here—cool temperatures, warm colors…if only it could last just a little longer than it does, eh? Well, we hope you make the best of what’s given to us.For those of you headed to Mississinewa 1812 and Feast of the Hunter’s Moon, be sure to stop by and see us so we can get caught up.

Facebook

Follow us on Facebook! You read it correctly. We bit the bullet. Look us up! And while you’re there, click the “Like” button to be among the first to receive news regarding new products, sales promotions, video releases, and other events. Feel free to post information on any upcoming events of your own on our discussions page. You can find us at the link below:
http://www.facebook.com/pages/Jas-Townsend-Son-Inc/111229368921420

New Products

We’ve listed four new products on our website:

Men’s Silk Cravat

This Silk Cravat makes a handsome addition to any 17th, 18th, and 19th century gentleman’s wardrobe. Approximately 13” by 69”. Woven with 100% silk thread. Hand-rolled and hand-stitched hems. Offered in white only, but you can easily dye your scarf if you wish.

Ladies’ Silk Fichu

A fichu was a large square kerchief folded diagonally and tied, pinned, or tucked as a modesty piece across the shoulders and over the front of a woman’s bodice. A common accessory for the 18th century lady. Measuring approximately 42” square, our Fichus are made of pure silk. Hand-rolled and hand-stitched hems. Available in white only, but you can easily dye them to compliment your outfit.

Pop Top Mittens

Ok, Pop Top Mittens aren’t meant to be period correct. They were sent to us by our supplier by mistake. Rather than having someone pay shipping to return them, we decided to go ahead and sell them. They’re very versatile, easily converting from mittens to fingerless gloves. Made of wool blend, sure to keep your mitts toasty warm. While they last. One size fits most. You better hurry because the folks here seem to be taking a liking to them.

Basswood Bottle Crate

We’re also offering a new solid Basswood Bottle Crate, good for holding 12 bottles, up to 3” in diameter and 9-1/2” high. This box is elegant in its simplicity. Unfinished. Leather strap hinges. Jute rope handles. Comes with a removable hardwood divider to keep your bottles from breaking in transit. Bottles sold separately. Outside dimensions: 11” wide x 11” tall x 14-1/2” long.

03.18.09

March 19th Webletter

Posted in Documentation at 6:00 pm by jtsblog

Jas. Townsend and Son Website Newsletter

British Coin Set   CO-514
British Coin Set CO-514

$16.00
Bilbo Catcher   BC-57
Bilbo Catcher BC-57

$8.00
Hand Blown Onion Bottle   GB-214
Hand Blown Onion Bottle GB-214

$34.00

Onion Bottles are Available Again

We have done a little video showing the bottle in action. You can see it right on the product page or you can look on our Youtube channel.

Bilbo Catcher Video

We have a new video on the Bilbo Catcher. OK, we admit it, we are having fun with this video thing. At first it was “Let’s be educational,” then we decided just to have fun.

Informational Coin Video

Along with the article below we have done a video showing original coins and our reproductions. You can see that video on the British Coin Set product page or on our Youtube channel.

Coin Money in 18th Century America

As I pondered different subjects to write about this week, I thought I would touch upon a topic which seems to have taken center stage in the minds of so many people: that being the topic of MONEY. As a courtesy, however, I will limit this essay to 18th-century variety.

As I researched this topic, I quickly discovered just how complicated colonial economics really was. Let me mention first that Jas carries a number of high-quality lead-free pewter reproduction coins. We cast our coins ourselves from original coins with the exception of one or two where originals are simply not available.

Let’s look at some of the reproductions we offer of coins you might see if you could travel back in time to 18th-century North America.

Spanish Coins

Also known as a “Piece of 8,” Jas carries a 1755 and 1783 version of the Spanish Reale. These were probably the most common piece of silver coinage in the colonies, being roughly equivalent to the British crown. With such a tremendous shortage of small coins in the colonies, these coins were sometimes cut into pieces or “bits.” “Two bits, four bits, eight bits, a dollar; all for King George stand up and holler!!!” Another quick note on this coin is that it was considered equal in value with the US silver dollar and was actually legal tender in the US up until the mid-19th century.

French Coins

From France, we have a 1769 Ecu which was roughly equivalent in value to the Piece of 8. It’s interesting to note that during the French Revolution, there was such a strong disdain for the monarchy that coins were often defaced by digging scratches across the king’s likeness as well as across the Fleur de Lis on back. Such defacement is evident on our original coin and is easily visible as well on our reproductions.

We also carry the Sol Marque coin that was supposed to be about a 2-penny coin. In reality, the coin tended to trade much lower. It was not a very popular coin because of its half silver, half copper composition. Consequently, a number of these coins found their way to the colonies where they were more widely used and accepted than in France due to the American shortage in smaller coinage.

German Coins

The only pewter reproduction we carry of German silver coinage is that of the 1778 German Thaler. This coin is from the Hesse-Cassel region. It is similar in value to the Crown or Piece of 8, and was likely used by King George to pay for the services of the Hessen Army…true blood money of sorts.

While the British throne tried to curtail the inflow of british silver into the colonies in order to increase that movement to its own shores, the rapid economic expansion that occurred in the colonies resulted in the steady importation of foreign silver. This made trade and currency exchange extremely complicated.

British Coins

Jas offers an extensive range of reproduction coins of Great Britain. Our British Coin Set includes a 1777 Guinea (gold plated), a 1705 Crown, 1710 Half Crown, 1745 Shilling, 1757 6-Pence, 1718 Half-Penny, 1747 Half-Penny, 1751 Irish Half-Penny, and a 1754 Farthing. The relative value of these coins goes like this:

Gold Guinea = 21 Silver Shillings

Silver Crown = 5 Silver Shillings

Silver Shilling = 12 Pence (early pence were silver while later versions were copper)

1 Pence = 2 copper Half-pennies or 4 copper Farthings

So What Were The Coins Worth?

If you think we have it rough trying to figure out what a dollar is worth today and maybe tomorrow, well I don’t think we have it bad at all compared to our 18th century counterparts. Imagine dealing with coinage from half a dozen different countries and colonies, and massive shortages of coins of all sizes, especially small coins. Then add to the mess: counterfeit coins, trade tokens, bills of exchange on goods like tobacco (which were also used as money), Bills of Credit issued by states that traded like money, checks drawn on foreign banks, and finally “Bill of hand”(IOU’s). I cannot imagine the math skills the typical merchant or even typical buyer of any product might need to do a simple transaction. Obviously, money was a problem. A 1784 advertisement in Maryland offers clocks and watches for sale “all of which he will dispose of on moderate terms, for cash, Bill of Exchange or Tobacco”.

What did things cost?
I have burrowed through some old advertisements and accounts to pull out a few random prices. Notice the cost of food, household spend as much as 50 percent of their income on food compared to today where we spend less than 10 percent.

North America 18th century: (These North American prices are likely price in official colonial shilling which are inflated over the British silver shilling price by 30 to 100%, depending on the year and location.)
1 quart Mug - 1 Shilling -1780’s North Carolina

Potter Teapot - 1.5 Shillings -1780’s North Carolina

1 China Plate - 20 Shillings -1749 Boston

Cream Colored plate - .5 Shilling -1777 Boston

Leather Breaches - 18 Shillings -1738 Boston

India Chints (calico) - 8 Shillings/yard -1743 Boston

Felt Hat from Scotland - 8.5 Shillings -1739 Boston

Paper of Tooth Powder - .5 Shilling -1712 Boston

Sugar - 3 Shillings per Lbs -1724 Boston

Green Tea - 20 Shillings per lbs -1736 Boston

Milk - 2 Shillings per quart -1748 Boston (wow, imagine spending half a days wages on a quart of milk)

Eggs - 5 Shillings per Dozen -1748 Boston (Yikes!, I am buying some chickens)

Charcoal - 3 Shillings per Bushel -1748 Boston

Lisbon Lemons 12 Shillings per Dozen -1768 Boston

Mug of Rum - 1 Shilling -1750 Boston - Listed as “Old Tenor” being undervalued older paper currency.

Great Britain 1745:

1 lbs of green tea - 14 Shillings - sterling

1 lbs of sugar - 1 Shillings - sterling

1 Lbs of Chocolate - 6 Shillings - sterling

Hat - 8.5 Shillings - sterling

leather breaches - 21 Shillings - sterling

pair of shoes - 6.5 Shillings - sterling

Common prayer book - 3.5 Shillings - sterling

Silver watch - 84 Shillings - sterling

Steel Watch - 10 Shillings - sterling

Wool Stockings - 4 Shillings - sterling

How much were people paid?

A quick look at some references can give us a little idea about wages for typical laborers. London, 1765, unskilled laborer might be paid 10 shillings a week (equiv, Approximately 2 silver dollars, I mean silver dollars made of silver not todays dollar coins which have not been made of silver since the 1960’s). Wages in the 18th century America are cited as being 30 to 100% higher. Here are two examples one from North Carolina, 1784: a older apprentice to the potter was paid 15 Shillings (3 silver dollars) a week and a teacher in Virgina, 1759, was paid 24 Shillings (about 5 silver dollars) a week. I do have one question when I look at these numbers, what were these workers in the colonies getting paid in? If they are being paid in goods or bills of credit that were discounted 50%, then maybe their pay was not that much higher. There is also 1760 reference of using soldiers as laborers and paying about 5 Shillings (about one dollar ) a week specifically in New York currency. I wonder how many takers they had at that rate. JP Martin in “Private Yankee Doodle” (Rev war) speaks of being paid only once during the war and then in specie, that being borrowed from a French officer.

For more info, here are just a few website links-

This site is good for comparing todays money with past money.

http://www.measuringworth.com/uscompare/index.php

This website is huge with tons of info on colonial money.

http://www.coins.nd.edu/title.html

Reference books

The Economy of Colonial America, Edwin Perkins

London Life in the Eighteenth Century, M. Dorothy George

Lady of Fashion, Edited by Natalie Rothstein

Arts & Crafts in New England 1704-1775, George Francis Dow


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01.21.09

Jan 23rd Webletter

Posted in Documentation, JTS News at 2:34 pm by jtsblog

Hello! I wish to take this opportunity to first of all thank you for your business, and secondly, to introduce Jas. Townsend & Son’s new website newsletter. You’re receiving this because you’ve created a profile on our website and have indicated you would like to receive our newsletters. Well, with roughly 10,000 people signed up to receive our newsletter, we figure it’s about time we put one together. As a customer of http://www.jas-townsend.com you will receive what we hope will be regular notifications of new products, special offers, clearance sales, as well as quirky little facts, tidbits, and ideas that we think you’ll find very interesting and, who knows, maybe even useful.

New Product Line!

A new line of products we’ve been working on is 18th century medical items. Now granted, we can’t go selling medicines, so we have to say that what we offer is for historic reenactment purposes only. With that in mind, we’ve introduced a group of ointments listed below which are adaptations from 18th century recipes.

We recently picked up a fascinating medical reference book, the 1782 edition of “The Complete English Dispensatory.” While we’ve had a number of good laughs over some of the exerpts we’ve read, others have caused us to ponder either how amazing it is that anyone survived, or how scarey it is that certain processes have changed very little over the centuries. I have included an interesting formula verbatim for your enjoyment.

"Unguentum e Nicotiana (or Ointment of Tobacco)."Take of the depurated juice of tobacco, of fresh hog's lard
diligently washedof each one pound, and boil them together to the consumption of the juice;then add of Venice
turpentine, four ounces: and of round birthwort in powder,two ounces; and make them into an ointment.
"This is originally taken from a Dispensatory of Laurentius Jobertus. Its firstprescriber gives it an extraordinary
character for dissipatingscrophulous tumours, and healing green wounds; but the modern practicedirects it chiefly
to cutaneous foulnesses: though it is so uncleanly a medicineat best as to be offensive to nice persons."
Remedium Totus Ointment  P-4040
Remedium Totus Ointment P-4040

$7.50
Sulfur Symphytum Ointment  P-4042
Sulfur Symphytum Ointment P-4042

$7.50
Z Ointment  P-4044
Z Ointment P-4044

$7.50
Insectus Repellum Ointment  P-4046
Insectus Repellum Ointment P-4046

$7.50

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08.29.06

“How Much is that Coin Worth?”

Posted in Documentation, Links at 7:27 am by jtsblog

We sell replica coins of the 18th century and we get lots of questions about their respective worth. I thought I would pass along this wonderful website which has links to many useful tools to answer the question. It’s called “Current Value of Old Money”.

08.28.06

“Is this Product Right for Me?”

Posted in Documentation at 9:19 am by jtsblog

We get asked this question all the time about which item is historically correct for a particular customer. Or some people assume that if a product is offered on our website or in our print catalog that it is appropriate for them. Fortunately or unfortunately Jas. Townsend and Son carries lots of products that stretch over a wide time frame and straddle many levels of society. Some of our products would have only been owned by very rich people and some products would be owned by the most modest of means.

“Is it right for me?” This begs the question “Who are you?” What year, month, day, even hour are you trying to do? Where is your persona located? What is the socio/economic background of your persona? What is your persona doing? I could probably ask another 10 questions that would need answers before precise answers could start to be formed. Even then we are only able to give very generic answers to people to ask. I know I am not making it easy, but easy stuff isn’t always the most fun.

If you have questions, it is time to start studying. Look at those pictures, read those books and search the web,  most of those answers are just waiting for you.  If you want generic answers we can try to point you in the right direction.

08.25.06

Spanish Colonial Military Artifacts

Posted in Documentation, Links at 7:39 am by jtsblog

I like websites like this one.  The items are catagorized and dated and have particularly good pictures.   If you are looking for button or buckle ideas this is a great place to stop and study.
http://www.artifacts.org/

08.24.06

Speaking of Gutenberg

Posted in Documentation, Links at 7:44 am by jtsblog

Project Gutenberg can be a very useful reference from time to time.   It is a collection of public domain texts available online.  They have some 17th and 18th century texts and the contents are fully searchable. Do you want to know if Jonathan Swift used the word “gorget”?  Try out the advanced search page!

08.23.06

The Lewis Walpole Library Digital Collection

Posted in Documentation, Links at 7:56 am by jtsblog

Here you go, this is a super website you have just got to check out.

This site has hundreds of 18th and 19th century political cartoons. One of the best features is using the “call number query” to just look a one year at a time and watch the clothing fashions change. The trick to the search feature is putting the year minus the leading 1 into the “call number query” box. So if you want to see all the pictures from 1780 just put in 780. Yes, I know you are saying “Wow, how intuitive!”

Probably the most interesting picture for me lately is THIS ONE. This print is dated 1772 but what is that hat?

You tell me what you think.

08.22.06

Documenting Charcloth

Posted in Documentation at 6:21 am by jtsblog

Steve M_ emailed me asking if we had run across documentation for charred cloth being used as tinder in the 18th century.
I have to admit he had me stumped for a bit. Charred linen is a given as tinder and can be a bit of difficult to find reference to: as most things just say tinder and don’t bother to explain it unless it is unusual and not make of charred cloth.

But with a bit of digging I found this. It is early but at least gives us something to work with.

Oxford English Dictionary 1971 edition.

Tinder (many alternate spellings one of which is tendre)
Any inflammable substance that readily take fire from spark and burns or moulders; esp. that prepared from partially charred linen and from species of Polyporus or corkwood fungus…..

( I thought it interesting that charred linen was specifically mentioned in the definition.)
(Of course, the best part is that the OED has word etymologies.)

tendre 1541 R. Copland GUYDON’S QUEST “They be made of softe tendre as of olde lynen cloth.”

It contains lots of other interesting references including early references to fungus used as tinder. Even fungus being called “German Tinder”.
If you have documentation for charred linen used as tinder in the 18th century speak up.

08.21.06

Great Website for Eyeglasses Research

Posted in Documentation, Links at 6:25 am by jtsblog

I was contacted by the author of this site a few months ago and I have to say it has more antique eyewear info in one place than anything else I have run into. Super informative section on dating specific features of eyeglasses, but it can be a bit slim on giving the primary documentation on those specific features. You won’t find anything better about 18th century spectacles on the web.
http://www.antiquespectacles.com/